Information about provinces, cities, counties,towns in China
Set Homepage
Add Favorite
Sign in || Sign Up

where are you now? Your Guide to China> Guangdong Province;[In Chinese: 中国广东省]

Overview of Guangdong Province [ 广东]

History of Guangdong

2011/9/3 10:38:00    【Big Medium Small】 【Print】    Visitors:1338

History
Guangdong was far away from the centre of ancient Chinese civilization in the north China plain. It was populated by peoples collectively known as the Hundred Yue, who may have been Tai-Kadai and related to the Zhuang people in modern Guangxi.
Chinese administration in the region began with the Qin Dynasty, which set up Nanhai Commandery at Panyu, near what is now part of Guangzhou. It used to be independent as Nanyue between the fall of Qin and the reign of Emperor Wu of Han. The Han Dynasty administered Guangdong, Guangxi, and northern Vietnam as Jiao Province. Under the Wu Kingdom of the Three Kingdoms, Guangdong was made its own province, the Guang Province, in 226.
As time passed, the demographics of what is now Guangdong slowly shifted to (Han) Chinese-dominance, especially during several periods of massive migration from the north during periods of political turmoil and/or nomadic incursions from the fall of the Han Dynasty onwards. As more migrants arrived, the local population was gradually assimilated to Han Chinese culture, or displaced.
As Mongols from the north engaged in their conquest of China in the 13th century, the Southern Song Dynasty retreated southwards, eventually ending up in today’s Guangdong. The Battle of Yamen (Yashan) 1279 in Guangdong marked the end of the Southern Song Dynasty (960-1279).
Since the sixteenth century, Guangdong has had extensive trade links with the rest of the world. European merchants coming northwards via the Straits of Malacca and the South China Sea, particularly the Portuguese and British, traded extensively through Guangzhou. It was the opium trade through Guangzhou that triggered the Opium Wars, opening an era of foreign incursion and intervention in China.
During the early 1920s of the Republic of China, Guangdong was the staging area for the Nationalist Party. Japanese forces occupied the province in 1938-1945. The Chinese People’s Liberation army took Guangdong province (not including Hainan Island and Leizhou Peninsula, etc) on Oct 29, 1949.
In recent years, the province has seen extremely rapid economic growth, aided in part by its close trading links with Hong Kong, which borders it.

PREVAdministrative divisions and Tourism of NextGeography and climate of Guangdong

China City Maps City Guide to Harbin City Guide to Changchun City Guide to Beijing City Guide to Hohhot City Guide to Datong City Guide to Dalian City Guide to Qingdao City Guide to Lanzhou City Guide to Nanjing City Guide to Jinan City City Guide to Nanning City Guide to Guilin City Guide to Fuzhou City Guide to Guangzhou City Guide to Kunming City Guide to Haikou City City Guide to Hefei City City Guide to Chongqing City Guide to Chengdu City Guide to Lhasa City Guide to Guiyang City Guide to Changsha City Guide to Nanchang City Guide to Hong Kong City Guide to Macao City Guide to Hangzhou City Guide to Wuhan City City Guide to Zhuhai City Guide to Sanya City Guide to Shenzhen City Guide to Xiamen City City Guide to Taipei City City Guide to Shanghai City City Guide to Xian City Guide to Xining City Guide to Yinchuan City Guide to Zhenzhou City Guide to Qufu City Guide to Taiyuan City Guide to Shijiazhuang City Guide to Tianjin City City Guide to Qinhuangdao City Guide to Shenyang City Guide to Yangzhou City Guide to Wuxi City City Guide to Suzhou City Guide to Urumqi

Directory

Government Directory
Banks Directory
Sports Facilities Directory
Hospitals Directory
Recreation Directory

Guide

Railway Guide
Airport Guide
Tour Guide
Hotel Guide
Restaurant Guide
Shopping Guide

Searching and Locating

IP Locator
Citizen ID Number Locator
Mob/Fix Phone No. Locator
Zip Number Locator
Area Searching
Street Searching

Hot Cities

Shanghai City
Beijing City
Guangzhou City
Shenzhen City
Hangzhou City
Yiwu City

A B C D E F G H J K L M N O P Q R S T U W X Y Z
Home| Privacy Policy| Agreement| Contact| About Us | Sitemap
ALL RIGHTS RESERVED. Last updated on Jul. 24,2013 . 备案号:浙ICP备05023696号-12