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Shanghai, situated on the banks of the Yangtze River(Changjiang River) Delta in East China,is the largest city of the People’s Republic of China and the ninth largest in the world. It’s bordered by Jiangsu and Zhejiang provinces and has an area of 2,400 sq mi (6,200 sq km).
The name of the province is often abbreviated to “Hu”and “shen”.The former is derived from the ancient name Hu Du (沪渎) of the river now known as Suzhou Creek. The latter is derived from the name of Chunshen Jun (春申君), a nobleman of the Chu Kingdom in the 3rd century B.C. whose territory included the Shanghai area.
Shanghai is administratively equal to a province and is divided into 19 county-level divisions: 18 districts and 1 county. There is no single downtown district in Shanghai, the urban core is scattered across several districts. Prominent central business areas include Lujiazui on the east bank of the Huangpu River, and The Bund and Hongqiao areas in the west bank of the Huangpu River. The city hall and major administration units are located in Huangpu District, which also serve as a commercial area, including the famous Nanjing Road. Other major commercial areas include the classy Xintiandi and Huaihai Road in Luwan district and Xujiahui in Xuhui District. Many universities in Shanghai are located in residential areas of Yangpu District and Putuo District.
Nine of the districts govern Puxi (literally West Bank), or the older part of urban Shanghai on the west bank of the Huangpu River. These nine districts are collectively referred to as Shanghai Proper or the core city: Huangpu District, Luwan District ,Xuhui District,Changning District ,Jing’an District ,Putuo District ,Zhabei District ,Hongkou District ,Yangpu District .
Pudong (East Bank), or the newer part of urban and suburban Shanghai on the east bank of the Huangpu River, is governed by: Pudong New District
Eight of the districts govern suburbs, satellite towns, and rural areas further away from the urban core: Baoshan District,
Minhang District,Jiading District ,Jinshan District,
Songjiang District,Qingpu District ,Nanhui District ,Fengxian District .
Chongming Island, an island at the mouth of the Yangtze (the Changjiang River), is governed by: Chongming County.
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